Gestalt psychologists were among the early critics of the then new-fangled
intelligence tests sensu BINET, mainly because of the fact that summing up the
number of correctly answered items, in order to gain a raw score and finally
an IQ, does not meet the intention to know the way by which the individual came
to his test results.
GOTTSCHALDT developed the "Würfelkasten" (cube box) at the Humboldt-University
of Berlin in the tradition of Gestalt psychological research concerning processes
of problem solving. This method enables the gaining of information which have to
do with the course of so-called practical thoughtful action (praktisches Denkhandeln).
Concrete problems are presented and the examiner is able to observe complex behavior,
and so far this leads to a holistic and naturalistic view. Not only intellectual
capacity and problem solving strategies are essential in this context, but also
affective involvement, frustration tolerance and other aspects of this kind.
The conductor of the workshop has practical experience with this instrument. He will present it and give an account of his practical knowledge. The participants will have the opportunity to discuss the problem in detail.